ICML 2022 Art of Robustness Paper “On Fragile Features and Batch Normalization in Adversarial Training”

While batch normalization has long been argued to increase adversarial vulnerability, it is still used in state-of-the-art adversarial training models. This is likely because of easier training and increased expressiveness. At the same time, recent papers argue that adversarial examples are partly caused by fragile features caused by learning spurious correlations. In this paper, we study the impact of batch normalization on utilizing these fragile features for robustness by fine-tuning only the batch normalization layers.

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