# DAVIDSTUTZ

Check out our latest research on weakly-supervised 3D shape completion.
26thJUNE2018

• Projected gradient descent might be “strongest” adversary using first-order information. Here, gradient descent is used to maximize the loss of the classifier directly while always projecting onto the set of “allowed” perturbations (e.g. within an $\epsilon$-ball around the samples). This observation is based on a large number of random restarts used for projected gradient descent. Regarding the number of restarts, the authors also note that an adversary should be bounded regarding the computation resources – similar to polynomially bounded adversaries in cryptography.